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環球教育 > 環球干貨 >【成尚效】——雅思閱讀填空題并列考點難點解析
【成尚效】——雅思閱讀填空題并列考點難點解析
2018-05-22 10:58:09| 成尚效| 雅思
并列關系是雅思閱讀填空題中出現頻次高的考點,但在比較復雜的題目中,我們該如何去應對呢?今天環球教育名師成尚效老師為各位烤鴨帶來了雅思閱讀填空題并列考點難點解析。

  并列關系是雅思閱讀填空題中出現頻次高的考點,基本的解題邏輯是:當題目出現A and _____ 的時候,在原文找到A,再發現相應的并列關系,即可確認填空部分答案。但在比較復雜的題目中,并列關系遠遠沒有這么簡單。今天環球教育名師成尚效老師為各位烤鴨帶來了雅思閱讀填空題并列考點難點解析。

       、    多層并列

       何謂多層并列?在A, B and C, including D and E的情況中,ABC是并列,DE是并列,但DE和ABC不是個層的。這個模型理解起來并不難,但在考當中會被許多考生忽視。如:
題目:Metacognition involves children understanding their own learning strategies, as well as developing ______.(C10T2P2-Q25)
       原文:To be at their most effective in their self-regulation, all children can be helped to identify their own ways of learning - metacognition - which will include strategies of planning, monitoring, evaluation, and choice of what to learn.  Emotional awareness is also part of metacognition. 
       做這道題時,許多同學在找strategies的并列時會看到planning, monitoring, evaluation, and choice of what to learn,認為這串并列是答案所在,卻忽視了planning前面的of提示的從屬關系。事實上,以上四項并列都包含在strategy里,而真正的答案在后面句話的emotional awareness, 其中also提示并列關系

 

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       二、 跨句并列

       其實上面這個題目就是跨句并列的情況,即并列的雙方并不出現在句話中。上題中的also是個代表,類似的還有another,in addition等。跨句并列的理解不難,只是當并列雙方離得比較遠時,容易被考生忽視。如劍橋C10T4P1中:
       題目:Reasons wildfires cause more damage today compared to the past:
                 -rainfall: 3. ______ average
                 -more brush to act as 4. _____
       原文:One explanation for the trend to more superhot fires is that the region, which usually has dry summers, has had significantly below normal precipitation in many recent years. Another reason, experts say, is related to the century-long policy of the US Forest Service to stop wildfires as quickly as possible. The unintentional consequence has been to halt the natural eradication of underbrush, now the primary fuel for megafires.
       在處理3題時,常規做法找rainfall定位會有難度,因為它在原文替換為precipitation,對許多同學來說是生詞,而形容詞average替換可能性太大,是不能直接拿去定位的。這時候只要細心發現3和4都是原因的種,互為并列關系,這道題就能出現轉機。4題的brush在原文體現為underbrush是很容易發現的,對應段落的后句。而在這段話中,one explanation和another reason剛好提示組跨句并列,4題屬于后者,那么3題就屬于前者,答案在段落句搜查。這時候我們就能輕松找到average對應normal,確認答案是below。

       三、    并列排除法

       并列排除法是利用并列的特性反向思考的種做題技巧。以劍橋C8T2P14題為例:
       題目:Glass was 4. ______ (NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS)
       原文:but the rollers would leave both sides of the glass marked, and these would then need to be ground and polished.
2018最新福利天堂视频网址最新        通過詞性分析可以看出這個空填的是形容詞【包括動詞的過去分詞形式】,許多同學會填ground和polished中的個。先不說意思是否合理,這樣的答案直接的問題在于:ground和polished兩個詞用and連接,是并列關系。如果ground是答案,polished也就可以是答案,那么答案就應該填ground and polished,三個單詞,超過字數限制,所以ground和polished雙雙排除。在此基礎上按詞性排查,答案就只剩marked了。事實上,本文所述個題目的planning, monitoring, evaluation, and choice of what to learn也可以用類似的思路排除。

       總的來說,并列關系在理解上難度不大。針對多層并列和跨句并列,需要考生先養成意識,并在做雅思閱讀題時擦亮眼睛,留意相關連接詞。并列排除的技巧在詞匯或理解有障礙的時候往往有奇效。

 

 

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